A Coldstream Guardsman who was the first to wear a turban during trooping the colour is understood to have tested positive for cocaine.
Charanpreet Singh Lall, 22, from Leicester, registered “high levels” of the Class A drug during a random test at Victoria Barracks, Windsor.
He was one of three soldiers who failed the test, The Sun reported.
The Ministry of Defence (MoD) said those caught taking drugs could be discharged from the army.
Brigadier Christopher Coles, head of army personnel services group, said: “I can confirm a number of soldiers from the Coldstream Guards are under investigation for alleged drugs misuse.
“Those caught taking drugs can expect to be discharged.”
The identities of the other guardsmen have not been revealed.
The MoD told the BBC it could be a “matter of weeks” before any potential action was taken.
In June Gdsm Lall said it was an “honour” to be the first member of the Coldstream Guards to take part in Trooping the Colour parade while wearing a turban.
He told how he hoped it would be looked upon as a “new change in history”, adding: “I hope that more people like me, not just Sikhs but from other religions and different backgrounds, that they will be encouraged to join the Army.”
Gdsm Lall wore a black turban featuring the ceremonial cap star to match the bearskin hats during the ceremony to mark the Queen’s official birthday.
He joined the British Army in January 2016, having moved to the UK from Punjab, India, as a baby.